ARLP005 Propagation de K7VVV:
January 31, 2003

Propagation Forecast Bulletin 5 ARLP005
From Tad Cook, K7VVV
Seattle, WA January 31, 2003
To all radio amateurs

ARLP005 Propagation de K7VVV

Again this week the solar numbers were lower, with average daily solar flux down over 9 points and average daily sunspot numbers down over 25. Solar flux has probably reached a minimum for the short term at about 125, and should slowly rise over the next ten days. There aren't any large clusters of sunspots visible, but a holographic image of the sun's far side shows a complex of spots which will eventually rotate into view.

Over the past week the quietest geomagnetic day was January 27 when K and A indices at all latitudes were quiet low. Other than the 27th, conditions have generally been unsettled to active, indicating higher absorption on higher latitude paths. The latest prediction is for unsettled to active conditions on Friday, with a planetary A index around 20, then a drop back to quieter conditions on Saturday, followed by active geomagnetic conditions on Sunday and Monday.

With lower solar flux and sunspot numbers, 10-meters will probably not be back as strong this year as daylight lengthens into spring. A year ago the average daily solar flux for the week was over 122 points higher than it was this week (you can see the data in old bulletins at

If you do a projection with a popular propagation path prediction program from California to Japan on 10-meters using numbers from a year ago, it shows a probable opening from 2200-0230z. But plug in this week's numbers, and the opening shortens by half, from 2230-0030z. As the sunspot numbers and solar flux (they're loosely related) decline, the MUF or Maximum Usable Frequency declines, and the great openings on the higher bands become scarce.

Dan Maguire, AC6LA wrote this week to talk about some new software he wrote that combines antenna modeling with propagation predictions. Called MultiNEC 2.0, you can read all about it at A summary of his other software is at

For more information about propagation and an explanation of the numbers used in this bulletin, see the Propagation page on the ARRL Web site at, and, especially, the article "The Sun, the Earth, the Ionosphere," by Carl Luetzelschwab, K9LA.

Sunspot numbers for January 23 through 29 were 123, 129, 103, 133, 134, 133, and 173, with a mean of 132.6. 10.7 cm flux was 135.9, 129.8, 128.9, 125, 121.3, 125.6, and 124.4, with a mean of 127.3. Estimated planetary A indices were 19, 15, 28, 17, 8, 12, and 14, with a mean of 16.1.