ARLP053 Propagation de K7RA:
December 24, 2003

Propagation Forecast Bulletin 53 ARLP053
From Tad Cook, K7RA
Seattle, WA December 24, 2003
To all radio amateurs

ARLP053 Propagation de K7RA

Because of the holiday this week, the propagation bulletin won't be transmitted from W1AW on Friday, December 26. This is an interim bulletin for Wednesday. Look for another one Monday morning, December 29, which will contain the seven days of Thursday through Wednesday sunspot, solar flux and planetary A index numbers normally sent on Friday.

Solar flux and sunspot numbers have been rising after a short-term minimum around December 9-12. Last Friday's bulletin reported sunspot numbers for December 11-17 of 35, 36, 40, 48, 42, 71 and 92, and the rising trend continued, with values of 114, 113, 104, 105, 152 and 142 for December 18-23. From a low flux value on December 11, daily solar flux through December 23 was 86, 87, 88, 92, 101, 106, 118, 123, 123, 130, 133, 138 and 142.

December 21 and 22 had the only geomagnetic disturbance of this week. This was from a solar wind originating in a coronal hole that earth passed through beginning December 21. The solar wind did not cause big aurora displays. At this time of the year, geomagnetic disturbances are less common than they are in fall or spring. This is due at least in part to a seasonal variation in the earthly magnetosphere as it relates to the sun's field. See an explanation including the geometry of this seasonal variation in a NASA article from three months ago at,

Solar flux is expected to peak over the next couple of days. Predicted solar flux for today through December 28 is 145, 150, 150, 145 and 140. More sunspots and higher solar flux combined with a quiet geomagnetic field are a great combination for HF propagation, and we shouldn't be disappointed over the next week. The predicted planetary A index is around 10 for every day until January 1, when recurring activity is expected to disturb conditions until January 10.

Now that the nights are long, 160, 80, 60 and 40 meters should provide good propagation between sunset and sunrise. Compared to 11 weeks ago, for example, openings should come a bit earlier and the low bands should close much later for paths throughout the northern hemisphere.

Bob Reed, W2CE wrote to say that these propagation bulletins, NW7US Solar E-alerts and DX bulletins are posted automatically on the Ham Radio DX List, an email listserver. Subscribe at

For more information about propagation and an explanation of the numbers used in this bulletin see the Propagation page on the ARRL Web site at